Like every other Psilocybe species, Psilocybe Mini Mexicana is native to Central and North America. For more than 2,000 years now, it remains a key part of different indigenous cultural practices. Valentina Pavlovna Wasson and Roger Gordon Wasson are the first to collect Psilocybe Mexicana. This was during their journey around Mexico between 1953 and 1955.
At the end of their trip, they gave their samples of Psilocybe Mini Mexicana to Roger Heim, a French mycologist. Roger had to return to Mexico to fully characterise this specie for easy cultivation under laboratory conditions.
The Lab-grown samples were then sent to Albert Hofmann, a Swiss chemist. In 1958, he extracted and characterised psilocin and psilocybin in the specie. This was 20 years after his first synthesis of LSD.
Psilocybe Mexicana is also a sclerotia-producing psilocybin mushroom. For emphasis, the sclerotia are the hardened mass of mycelium that acts as a food reserve. This is the part that people refer to as truffles, but it’s a biological misnomer.
There are so many things to note about Psilocybe Mexicana, and you’ll find them in this article.
Identifying Psilocybe Mexicana
Psilocybe Mexicana grows in the wild. Also, anyone planning to pick them in nature should consider that they have lookalikes. With the explanations below, you’ll be able to easily differentiate between Psilocybe Mexicana and its lookalikes.
Where Does Psilocybe Mexicana Grow?
The first thing you should know is where the specie grows.
Psilocybe Mexicana grows in small groups with other moss or alone. This is mostly in humid meadows or cornfields, especially areas with deciduous forests. The specie mostly grows in elevations around 300 to 500 meters.
Psilocybe Mexicana occurs naturally in Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Mexico. The specie has a rich history in Mexico compared to other parts of the world.
How to Identify Psilocybe Mexicana
Here are some tips to help you identify the specie:
- Cap (pileus): The cap has a convex or cone shape and measures around 0.5 to 3 cm in diameter. Its margins are like that of a campanulate. Also, the cap has a slight papilla, and it’s hydrophanous. In addition, it is beige to straw or ocherous to brown. Their colour mostly depends on their age and sometimes may appear greenish or blueish.
- Stem (stipe): The stem is thin, hollow, equal, and 4 to 10 cm tall. It’s reddish-brown or straw to brownish colour and tends to go dark following an injury.
- Gills (lamellae): Adnexed or Adnate, grey to purple-brown with white edges
- Taste and Odor: Farinaceous
Psilocybe Mexicana Lookalikes
The specie shares many similarities with other species belonging to the same genus. Examples are Psilocybe semilianceata and Psilocybe azurescens. However, telling the differences between them is easy as they don’t grow naturally in Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica.
Despite that, some species still grow in the countries above. An example is Psilocybe cubensis, which grows on manure deposits. However, the distinguishing features of this specie include the earthy taste, persistent ring, and flattish cap.
For anyone considering going to the wild to find mushrooms, it’s advisable to go with an experienced guide. You might be tempted to rely on descriptions and photos, but this won’t be enough.
Psilocybe Mexicana Sclerotia
We already know that the specie produces sclerotia which are called truffles. The sizes of the truffles differ and can be as small as a pea or as large as an ostrich egg. Also, the colour of the sclerotia depends on the growing conditions and can be light yellow, dark brown, or blue in some cases.
Basically, the sclerotia have irregular colour, shape, and size, which makes it difficult to identify Psilocybe Mexicana according to appearance.
Psilocybe Mexicana sclerotia are legal in the Netherlands, even though psilocybin-containing mushrooms are illegal since 2008. At the time when the Dutch government placed the ban, the sclerotia were left out. This is because they considered it less potent than the mushrooms, which is not the case.
The main thing to note is that there’s lesser water content in the sclerotia than in the mushrooms. Also, the fresh sclerotia may have more potency than the mushroom, but this changes when they are dry.
There aren’t many studies on the potency of Psilocybe Mexicana sclerotia. However, according to available reports, the mushrooms have up to 0.25% psilocin and 0.25% psilocybin. From these maximum concentrations, it’s clear that Psilocybe Mexicana is a less potent specie than Psilocybe cubensis. Although people who have tried both species claim they have similar potency.
Since the potency of Psilocybe Mexicana is lesser than other strains, you may need higher doses to get similar effect intensity with more potent forms.
Here’s the dosage for Psilocybe cubensis according to the Erowid list:
- Threshold: 0.25g
- Light: 0.25-1g
- Common: 1-2.5g
- Strong: 2.5-5g
- Heavy: 5+g
From the psilocin and psilocybin content of Psilocybe Mexicana, it’s advisable to take a slightly higher dosage. Here’s the dosage for Psilocybe Mexicana according to the desired effect:
- Threshold: 0.39g
- Light: 0.30-1.25g
- Common: 1.25-2.75g
- Strong: 2.75-5g
- Heavy: 5+g
For the truffles, the dosage is even higher. For a light effect, the ideal dose is 7.5g. The standard dosage is 10g, while 15g is a strong dose.
Psilocybe Mexicana Effects
The effects of this specie include perceptual effects, emotional effects, and physical effects. Perceptual effects include effects on colour, vision, sounds, and other similar features. Emotional effects are effects on mood and calmness. Physical effects include noticeable effects on the body like heart rate, temperature, and blood pressure. The intensity of these effects depends on the dose of the truffle that a person takes.
Avoid using the species together with alcohol or other hard/soft drugs. This will cause bad trips/paranoia. Don’t use when suffering from depression or psychosis, pregnant, under the legal age, on medication, or driving.
In case of a bad trip, here’s what to do:
- Don’t panic
- Take a deep breath and try to relax your mind and body
- Close your eyes
- Try to focus on a particular sound or smell
- Take vitamin C and sugar to reduce the level of cortisol in your body. This is because high levels of cortisol increase stress, sadness and fury
- Hugging is also helpful
- Remember that it will pass quickly.
Magic truffles contain many ingredients of significant nutritional value. Here’s an overview for every 100grams:
We have covered everything you should know about Psilocybe Mexicana. There’s more information on our blog, and you can check this now.
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