The use of psychedelic substances has been a part of human culture for centuries. These substances are known to alter perception, thought, and mood and have been used for spiritual, medicinal, and recreational purposes. However, the legal status of psychedelics varies widely depending on the country and even within different regions of the same country. This article will explore the legal status of psychedelics in various countries worldwide.


The Netherlands is well-known for its liberal drug policies, and psychedelic mushrooms are legal to possess and sell in smart shops. These shops sell a variety of legal drugs, including magic truffles containing psilocybin (the active ingredient in psychedelic mushrooms). However, there are restrictions on the amount of psilocybin that can be sold, and the sale of dried mushrooms is prohibited.


Although not technically legal, personal possession and use of all drugs, including psychedelics, have been decriminalized since 2001. This means that if a person is caught with a small amount of a drug, they will not be arrested or sent to jail but may face a fine or mandatory counseling. Portugal’s drug policy is based on the belief that drug addiction is a public health rather than a criminal issue.


Ayahuasca is legal and commonly used in shamanic ceremonies in Peru. Ayahuasca is a brew made from a combination of plants containing the DMT psychoactive compound. The use of ayahuasca is an integral part of indigenous culture in the Amazon region of South America, and the Peruvian government has recognized it as a traditional medicine.


Psychedelic mushrooms are legal in Jamaica and often used in spiritual and religious ceremonies. The use of mushrooms is part of the Rastafarian religion, which is widely practiced in Jamaica. However, the use of mushrooms for recreational purposes is still illegal.


Ayahuasca is legal for religious and spiritual purposes in Brazil. Ayahuasca is used in the rituals of several religions in Brazil, including Santo Daime and União do Vegetal. The Brazilian government has recognized ayahuasca as a traditional medicine and has established regulations for its use in religious ceremonies.


Psilocybin (the active ingredient in psychedelic mushrooms) is currently legal for therapeutic use under certain circumstances in Canada. In 2020, Health Canada exempted four terminally ill patients to use psilocybin for end-of-life care. The use of psilocybin for therapeutic purposes is still in the early stages of research, but there is growing interested in its potential to treat conditions such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD.

United States

The legal status of psychedelics varies by state in the United States. In Oregon, for example, psilocybin therapy is legal for licensed therapists, and in Washington, DC, psilocybin mushrooms have been decriminalized for personal use. However, most psychedelics are still illegal at the federal level. The federal government classifies psychedelics as Schedule I drugs, meaning they have no medical value and a high potential for abuse.

There has been a growing movement in recent years to legalize or decriminalize psychedelics in the United States. Several cities, including Denver, Oakland, and Santa Cruz, have already decriminalized possessing and using psilocybin mushrooms, and other cities are considering similar measures. In addition, ongoing efforts are to legalize the use of psychedelics at the federal level for therapeutic purposes.

It’s important to note that while some of these substances may be legal in certain contexts, they can still be dangerous and should be used only under the supervision of a trained professional.